PMS2

Pseudogenes

Definition In most cases, a pseudogene can be considered as the ancient extra copy of a preexisting protein-coding gene (called parental gene), that undergoes a process of pseudogenization by disruption to its sequence due to accumulation of deleterious mutations. The result is usually a ‘nonfunctional gene’ with high sequence homology with the parental gene.  

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Breast and ovarian cancer, hereditary

Panel testing recommended at Breda Genetics for this condition: Breast and ovarian cancer (ATM, BARD1, BRCA1, BRCA2, CDH1, CHEK2, MRE11A, NBN, PALB2, RAD50, RAD51C, RAD51D, PTEN, STK11, TP53) Summary Breast cancer is a major health priority worldwide. Breast cancer develops when transformed cells in the breast begin to grow out of control. It occurs almost entirely in

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Colon cancer

Recommended panel testing at Breda Genetics for this condition: Colon & gastric cancer, with/without polyposis (APC, BMPR1A, CDH1, MLH1, MLH3, MSH2, MSH6, MUTYH, PMS1, PMS2, PTEN, SMAD4, STK11, EPCAM) Summary Genetic mutations have been identified as the cause of inherited cancer risk in some colon cancers; these mutations are estimated to account for only 5-6 % of colorectal cancer

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