By sequencing all human genes at once (whole exome and whole genome sequencing), genetic testing can be done in the blink of an eye. Based on the clinical information, we can look immediately at the most appropriate gene or panel or go straight to the interpretation of all data. For every clinical case, we have the right solution.

Breda Genetics deploys an articulated portfolio of tests, which comprises four different whole exome sequencing solutions (MENDEL FULL, EXOME 15MB, EXOME 60MB, EXOME 90MB), whole genome sequencing 30x (GENOME FULL), a list of hundreds of fully customizable exome or genome-based multigene panels (EXOME PANEL, GENOME PANEL), and a complete range of other forefront solutions and ancillary services, from exonic/multiexonic algorithmic CNV analysis based on NGS data (EXOME CNV, GENOME CNV), to family segregation studies, MLPA/qPCR and repeat expansion testing (SANGER CARRIER, SANGER GENE, MLPA/qPCR GENE, REPEAT PLUS).

The landscape of clinical genetics worldwide is often marked by widespread difficulty in accessing genetic counselling and genetic testing, either for geographical reasons, limited budgets or absence of equipped facilities. We make a point of giving access to medical genetics services to as many people as possible, offering acceptable turnaround times and fees. If you are unsure on whether you are in need of genetic testing, please request your genetic counseling now.

Amino acid codes (symbols)

Amino acids codes (symbols) are listed below (1 and 3 letters codes). Approved nomenclature for reports is the 3 letters code: Amino acid Code (1 letter) Code (3 letters) (official) Alanine A Ala Arginine R Arg Asparagine N Asn Aspartic Acid D Asp Cysteine C Cys Glutamic Acid E Glu Glutamine Q Gln Glicine G […]

Niemann-Pick disease

Recommended panel testing at Breda Genetics for this condition: Niemann-Pick disease (NPC1, NPC2, SMPD1) Summary The eponym Niemann-Pick disease (NPD) encompasses two distinct metabolic defects. The first includes NPD types A and B and is due to deficiency of the acid sphingomyelinase (ASM) enzyme. The second defect, namely NPD type C, is mainly due to […]


Recommended panel testing at Breda Genetics for this conditions: Primary microcephaly (MFSD2A, STIL, SASS6, ASPM, KIF14, NCAPH, COPB2, CEP135, WDFY3, CENPE, CDK6, MCPH1, CDK5RAP2, NCAPD3, NCAPD2, PHC1, CIT, ANKLE2, CENPJ, KNL1, CEP152, WDR62, ZNF335) and/or Syndromic microcephaly [incl. Seckel syndrome, Meier-Gorlin syndrome, microcephalic dwarfism, lissencephaly and cortical dysplasia, hypomyelinating leukodystrophy, Aicardi-Goutières syndrome, mosaic variegated aneuploidy, […]

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease

Recommended panel testing at Breda Genetics for this condition: Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy (AARS, ABHD12, AIFM1, ARHGEF10, ATP1A1, ATP7A, BAG3, BSCL2, CNTNAP1, COA7, COX6A1, DCTN1, DCTN2, DGAT2, DHTKD1, DNAJB2, DNM2, DNMT1, DRP2, DYNC1H1, EGR2, FGD4, FIG4, GARS, GDAP1, GJB1, GNB4, HARS, HINT1, HK1, HSPB1, HSPB3, HSPB8, IGHMBP2, INF2, JPH1, KARS, KIF1B, KIF5A, LITAF, LMNA, LRSAM1, MARS, MCM3AP, MED25, […]

Noonan syndrome

Recommended panel testing at Breda Genetics for this condition: Noonan, LEOPARD, Costello and CFC syndromes, classic (BRAF, CBL, HRAS, KRAS, MAP2K1, MAP2K2, NF1, NRAS, PTPN11, RAF1, SHOC2, SOS1, SPRED1) Noonan, LEOPARD, Costello and CFC syndromes, expanded (A2ML1, BRAF, CBL, HRAS, KRAS, LZTR1, MAP2K1, MAP2K2, NF1, NRAS, PTPN11, RAF1, RASA2, RIT1, RRAS2, SHOC2, SOS1, SOS2, SPRED1) […]

Fanconi anemia

Recommended panel testing at Breda Genetics for this condition: Fanconi anemia (BRCA1, BRCA2, BRIP1, ERCC4, FANCA, FANCB, FANCC, FANCD2, FANCE, FANCF, FANCG, FANCI, FANCL,  FANCM, MAD2L2, PALB2, RAD51A, RAD51C, RFWD3, SLX4, UBE2T, XRCC2) Summary Fanconi anemia (FA) is a rare disorder characterized by physical abnormalities such as short stature, skeletal malformations, skin pigmentation abnormalities, microcephaly, […]

Hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy

Recommended panel testing at Breda Genetics for this condition: Hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy (ATL1, ATL3, DNMT1, DST, ELP1, KIF1A, NGF, NTRK1, PRDM12, RETREG1, SCN11A, SCN9A, SPTLC1, SPTLC2, WNK1) Summary The hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathies (HSAN), which are also referred to as hereditary sensory neuropathies (HSN) in the absence of significant autonomic features, are a […]

Cystic fibrosis and CFTR-related disorders

Recommended panel testing at Breda Genetics for this condition: Cystic fibrosis and its differential diagnosis (ARMC4, C21ORF59, CA12, CCDC103, CCDC114, CCDC151, CCDC39, CCDC40, CCDC65, CCNO, CFAP300, CFTR, DNAAF1, DNAAF3, DNAAF4, DNAAF5, DNAH1, DNAH11, DNAH5, DNAI1, DNAI2, DNAJB13, DNAL1, DRC1, GAS8, HYDIN, IL2RG, KTU, LRRC6, NME8, PIH1D3, RSPH1, RSPH3, RSPH4A, RSPH9, SBDS, SCNN1A, SCNN1B, SCNN1G, SPAG1, TAP1, TAP2, […]

Familial hyperaldosteronism

Recommended panel testing at Breda Genetics for this condition (also including the chimeric gene analysis): Hyperaldosteronism, familial, and its differential diagnosis (CACNA1D, CACNA1H, CYP11B1, CYP11B1/CYP11B2 fusion gene, CLCN2, HSD11B2, KCNJ5, NR3C1, NR3C2, SCNN1B, SCNN1G) Summary Familial hyperaldosteronism is a group of inherited conditions in which the adrenal glands produce excess of the hormone called aldosterone. Aldosterone helps control […]

Adams-Oliver syndrome

Recommended panel testing at Breda Genetics for this condition: Adams-Oliver syndrome and its differential diagnosis (ARHGAP31, COL7A1, DLL4, DOCK6, EOGT, KCTD1, NOTCH1, PORCN, RBPJ) Summary Adams-Oliver syndrome (AOS) is a rare genetic condition, which may affect both males and females. The main features are aplasia cutis (an abnormality of skin development, which leads to missing skin on the scalp) and  malformations of the limbs […]