Low-pass genome sequencing: a new perspective for genome-wide CNV analysis

Next-generation sequencing (NGS) has completely transformed the world of genetic testing, enabling us to sequence human whole exome or whole genome in one single experiment at an unprecedented scale, capacity and convenience. High-throughput sequencing based on short reads has empowered laboratories worldwide. We can now sift a huge amount of data to single out pathogenic […]

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Coverage in next-generation sequencing

Although the meaning of the term “coverage” may seem very simple, this term is often misused. In the context of Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS), coverage indicates the average number of reads that "cover" a specific target region. Coverage therefore always describes a relationship between the number of reads and a reference region and can be expressed […]

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Segmental duplications

Segmental duplications (also known as or low-copy repeats) are DNA fragments longer than 1 Kbp (i.e. 1,000 base pairs), distributed within and between chromosomes and sharing more than 90% genomic sequence identity. They are thought to hold a significant role in evolution and adaptability, although their functional significance remains largely unknown, also due to the […]

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