Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders and differential diagnosis

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders includes numerous conditions due to exposure to alcohol during pregnancy. Alcohol has a teratogenic effect, it is able to cross the placental barrier and reach the fetus, which however lacks the enzymes necessary to metabolize it. Long exposure to alcohol and its metabolites (such as acetaldehyde) causes harmful events to fetal […]

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Infertility: genetic causes

Following the Wolrd Health Organization (WHO) definition, infertility is a “a disease of the reproductive system defined by the failure to achieve a clinical pregnancy after 12 months or more of regular unprotected sexual intercourse.” Whether infertility should be considered a disease should probably be a question of sensitivity and perception of each patient, as […]

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Niemann-Pick disease

Recommended panel testing at Breda Genetics for this condition: Niemann-Pick disease (NPC1, NPC2, SMPD1) Summary The eponym Niemann-Pick disease (NPD) encompasses two distinct metabolic defects. The first includes NPD types A and B and is due to deficiency of the acid sphingomyelinase (ASM) enzyme. The second defect, namely NPD type C, is mainly due to […]

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